Now that we know how to properly name an interval (see this post for details) , we want to be able to recognize it when listening to it.
For the moment, (Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3) we will only work with ascending melodic intervals.
A melodic interval is a sequence of two consecutive notes.
Each interval has its own "color" or "sound" or "shape". The purpose of this series of posts is to associate each interval with a song (the two first notes of a song to be precise) so you can remember the "color"/"sound"/"shape" of those intervals.
In Part 1 we will talk about:
- ascending minor 2nd (same sound as augmented unison)
- ascending major 2nd
- ascending minor 3rd (same sound as augmented seconds)
In Part 2 we will talk about:
- ascending major 3rd
- ascending perfect 4th
- ascending augmented 4th (same sound as diminished 5th)
- ascending perfect 5th
In Part 3 we will talk about:
- ascending minor 6th (same sound as augmented 5th)
- ascending major 6th
- ascending minor 7th (same sound as augmented 6th)
- ascending major 7th
In Part 4 we will talk about:
- descending minor 2nd (same sound as augmented unison)
- descending major 2nd
- descending minor 3rd (same sound as augmented seconds)
In Part 5 we will talk about :
- descending major 3rd
- descending perfect 4th
- descending augmented 4th (same sound as diminished 5th)
- descending perfect 5th
In Part 6 we will talk about :
- descending minor 6th (same sound as augmented 5th)
- descending major 6th
- descending minor 7th (same sound as augmented 6th)
- descending major 7th
Ascending Minor seconds
A minor second is the smallest (perfect unisons appart) melodic interval. (a semi-tone)
Every minor seconds shares a common sound.
It can be B-C or E-F or G♯-A...
Note that A♭-A♮ is made of a semi-tone too. But the name of this interval is augmented unison. Since minor seconds and augmented unison correspond to the same width (a semi-tone), they share the same characteristic sound.
Here are some examples :You can use this "song" to remember the sound of a minor second. (or augmented unison)
Ascending Major seconds
A major second is made of two semi-tones. (ie : a whole-tone)
Every major seconds share a common sound.
It can be B-C♯ or E-F♯ or G-A or B♭-C...
Here are some examples of major seconds :
Ascending Minor thirds
A minor third is made of 3 semi-tones.
Every minor third shares a common sound.
It can be B-D or E-G or G-B♭ or B♭-D♭ or F♯-A...
Note that C-D♯ is made of 3 semi-tones too. But the name of this interval is augmented second. Since minor thirds and augmented seconds have the same width (3 semi-tones), they share the same characteristic sound.
Here are some examples of minor thirds and augmented seconds :
Listen carefully to the first two notes of "Smoke on the water" by Deep Purple :
Try to remember this sound !
Articles on the series about intervals:
- Interval names
- Hearing intervals part 1/6
- Hearing intervals part 2/6
- Hearing intervals part 3/6
- Hearing intervals part 4/6
- Hearing intervals part 5/6
- Hearing intervals part 6/6